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The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of Freedom and Friendship

The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of Freedom and Friendship

The Statue of Liberty from Liberty Harbor.

The Statue of Liberty, officially known as “Liberty Enlightening the World,” stands as an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy, welcoming countless visitors to the shores of the United States. This iconic monument, located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, has a rich history and carries profound cultural significance. This article, will explore the origins, design, symbolism, and historical context of this beloved statue.

In This Article

The History of The Statue of Liberty

Courtesy of wocomoHISTORY

Origins and Design of The Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France to the United States, designed by the French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886. The statue’s creation was a symbol of the enduring friendship between the two nations, a bond forged during the American Revolution. Gustave Eiffel, renowned for designing the Eiffel Tower, played a role in creating the iron framework inside the statue.

The design of the statue draws inspiration from the Roman goddess Libertas, who represents freedom. The neoclassical Roman-style gown, the torch held high in one hand, and the tablet in the other bearing the date of the American Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776) all convey a powerful message of liberty and enlightenment.

Physical Description

The Statue of Liberty stands approximately 151 feet (46 meters) from the base to the torch. It is primarily constructed from copper sheets, which, over time, have oxidized to create the iconic green patina. Visitors have the opportunity to climb up to the crown for a panoramic view of New York City, while the torch, once functional, has been closed to the public since 1916. The statue stands on a pedestal, which houses the pedestal museum, funded by the American people to support the statue.

Symbolism of The Statue of Liberty

The symbolism of the Statue of Liberty is profound and multifaceted. It serves as a beacon of hope, freedom, and democracy. The seven spikes on the crown represent the seven continents and seven seas, symbolizing universal liberty. In addition, the tablet held by the statue is inscribed with the Roman numerals for 1776 (MDCCLXXVI), signifying the year of American independence.

Moreover, the statue has come to represent the American immigrant experience. It was one of the first sights that greeted millions of immigrants arriving at Ellis Island in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, making it a powerful symbol of the American dream.

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Fun Facts about The Statue of Liberty

  • The original torch was replaced during the statue’s 1986 restoration. The new torch is covered in gold leaf.
  • A smaller replica of the Statue of Liberty stands in the Luxembourg Gardens in Paris.
  • Inside the statue, there is an iron framework designed by Gustave Eiffel, the same engineer behind the Eiffel Tower.
  • The statue was designated as a National Monument in 1924 and added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984.

Statue of Liberty National Monument

Courtesy of Viator


The Statue of Liberty stands as a testament to the enduring values of freedom, democracy, and the friendship between France and the United States. Its symbolism, history, and captivating design make it one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks.

Whether as a beacon of hope for immigrants or a symbol of universal liberty, Lady Liberty continues to inspire and remind us of the enduring principles upon which the United States was founded.

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